Cancer that occurs in the tissues of the breast is termed as breast cancer. According to the American Cancer Society, each year more than a quarter of a million new cases are diagnosed in the country. Moreover, more than 40,000 deaths occur due to this ailment. Despite the fact that breast cancer in men is rare, it does occur. Statistics state that about 1% of cases in the country are reported in men.
The types of breast cancer include:
- Ductal carcinoma
Breast cancer that begins in the milk duct is known as ductal carcinoma. It is the most common type among all types of breast cancer.
- Lobular carcinoma
Breast cancer that begins in the lobules is known as lobular carcinoma.
Things every woman should be aware of include the following:
Women should be cautious of the signs and symptoms that their bodies exhibit. A few of the warning signs of this disease are irritation around the nipple area, thickening of the skin, pain in the armpits and/or breast, redness of the skin, and peeling/scaling/flaking of the skin on the breast or nipple.
A mammogram is recommended once every two years after the age of 45. This helps rule out the presence of breast cancer.
3. Risk factors of breast cancer
An important risk factor to consider when diagnosed with breast cancer is that it is linked to one’s family history. Other risk factors include mutations in certain genes.
On the other hand, controllable risk factors include obesity and excess alcohol consumption. One should exercise regularly to stay healthy and active. Alcohol consumption should always be limited as well.
4. Coping with breast cancer
It is important to maintain a healthy lifestyle if you are diagnosed with breast cancer. Along with the treatment, the affected people should seek therapy. Based on the type of cancer one is suffering from, there are a range of therapies that can help them.
5. Dense breast
Women who have dense breasts (a high proportion of glandular tissue) have an elevated risk of developing any of the types of breast cancer.
Ongoing research is trying to understand how to improve the quality of life and how to prevent this condition and its spread. If you notice any of the symptoms mentioned above, you should consult your doctor immediately. Alternatively, have a yearly check-up to rule out the occurrence of any of the types of breast cancer in your body.